Human Capital

This pillar refers to the efforts to enhance relevant skills and experience among the population for quality output production in the knowledge economy.Qualified human resources are a vital component of a successful knowledge economy. Development of accessible and diverse programmes is essential to produce graduates better equipped to competitively participate in a global knowledge economy. Improving the capacity of training institutions in the country to better support generation and commercialisation of innovation is central to this pillar.
  • Current Context
  • Challenges
  • Opportunities

The achievement of the social, economic and political pillars of Kenya’s Vision 2030 is dependent on the availability of quality human resources. The Government of Kenya has put in place human resource development measures to develop a globally competitive and adaptive human resource pool to meet the needs of a rapidly industrialising local economy.
A well-trained and sophisticated human capital base is essential to the local knowledge economy because of the following factors.

  1. They produce more sophisticated knowledge outputs that can be commercialised.
  2. They easily adopt and utilise sophisticated technologies in the production of knowledge output.
  3. They contribute to the drafting of policies and regulations that impact the knowledge economy.
  4. They put to effective use the financial resources made available for the development of the knowledge economy.

There is a shortage of relevant and skilled talent in the ST&I sector because of emerging technologies such as artificial intelligence.


Formal education and training have struggled to meet some of the unique labour market needs because of the rigidity of the system and the broadness of its courses.


The labour market’s reliance on formal qualifications from formal institutions as a measure of competence has limited the increased absorption of available workforce.


There is a misconception within the local innovation context that innovation is mostly the domain of the ICT sector. This has resulted in limited adoption of innovation and the processes related to innovation generation within the other sectors of the economy.


There long has been a mismatch between industry expectations and the graduates that our training institutions are producing. This is mostly because of limited interaction between industry and training institutions.

Innovation Diffusion

There is a unique opportunity to increase the contribution of innovation to the nation’s economic development by increasing the capacity for innovation through capacity building and awareness creation throughout the public and private sector.

Market Linkages

There is an opportunity to increase the likelihood of immediate transition to work for graduates by increasing the interaction between industry and the training institutions.

Generational Shift

Young Kenyans are becoming more inclined to short term engagements and innovation-driven entrepreneurship. This shift in mindset offers an opportunity to transform our approach to tertiary education into venture-based programs.

What We're Doing

Projects Under the Human Capital Pillar